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2 Chronicles

The Events of the Days

This is the book of genealogies, the Chronicles from days of Antiquity from Adam to the establishment of the Persian empire

The Greek Title is PARALEIPOMENWN which means “The Books of Things Left Out”  as Chronicles supplements the history found in the books of 1 and 2 Samuel and 1 and 2 Kings.

AUTHORSHIP:  Authorship is attributed to either Ezra or an unknown Levite scribe but technically the book is by anonymous since no official author or compiler is definitely named although it is noted that the similarity of literary and linguistic features in Ezra-Nehemiah and Chronicles suggest a single author (Ezra) for all.

DATE: 450-400 B.C.  Some identify the date of Chronicles to have been during the mid-fourth century B.C. because of style, vocabulary, and presentation of the genealogies. The earliest possible date for the book is 538 B.C. when Persia was established over Babylon and Cyrus issued the decree for the Jews to return to Jerusalem and build the temple. The latest possible date for the book is believed to be the mid-second century B.C.

CANONICITY:  The original writings of Chronicles were on scrolls. The Greeks were the first to divide the scrolls into what is modern-day two books and it is possible that the book of Ezra was also part of the original scroll writings as well thus the division is into three books.

It is commonly believed that the following adjustments to the interpretation of the text would yield the most accurate information:

  • 300 slain by Jashobeam, not 800
  • Hadadezer’s 1,000 chariots and 7,000 horsemen, not 1,000 and 700 horsemen
  • 7,000 Syrian charioteers slain, not 700, and 40,000 foot soldiers, not horsemen
  • Israel’s 1,100,000 troops, not 800,000
  • Judah’s 470,000 troops, not 500,000
  • Three years of famine, not seven
  • Ornan paid 600 gold shekels, not 50 silver
  • 3,600 to supervise the temple construction, not 3,300
  • 20,000 baths of oil to Hiram’s woodman, not 20 kors (=200 baths)
  • Temple pillars 35 cubits, not 18
  • Sea holding 3,000 baths, not 2,000
  • 250 chief officers for building the temple, not 550
  • 450 gold talents from Ophir, not 420
  • 300 gold bekas per shield, not 3 minas
  • 4,000 stalls for horses, not 40,000
  • Ahaziah king at 42 years, not 22
  • Jehoiachin king at 8, not 18

Themes of 1 and 2 Chronicles

  • The will of God for His chosen people
  • The history of response of obedience or disobedience by God’s chosen people
  • The emphasis on actions or choices and the corresponding outcome: obedience begets blessing, disobedience begets punishment
  • The spiritual foundations of God’s chosen people
  • The scriptures and prophecies, teachers and teachings that define the faith of God’s chosen people

The ultimate revelation of God’s will to bless those who worship Him in sincerity of heart and to curse those who reject Him by not aligning with His will

Context of 1 and 2 Chronicles

  • 1 Chronicles Chapters 1-10: genealogical lists, the House of Saul, Saul’s rejection by God, the rise of David from boy to King
  • 1 Chronicles Chapters 11–29: the life and reign of David
  • 2 Chronicles Chapters 1–9: the life and reign of Solomon, son of David
  • 2 Chronicles Chapters 10–36: the Kings of Judah

2 Chronicles 1          2 Chronicles 2         2 Chronicles 3         2 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 5          2 Chronicles 6        2 Chronicles 7         2 Chronicles 8
2 Chronicles 9          2 Chronicles 10      2 Chronicles 11       2 Chronicles 12
2 Chronicles 13       2 Chronicles 14       2 Chronicles 15       2 Chronicles 16
2 Chronicles 17       2 Chronicles 18      2 Chronicles 19       2 Chronicles 20
2 Chronicles 21       2 Chronicles 22      2 Chronicles 23       2 Chronicles 24
2 Chronicles 25       2 Chronicles 26      2 Chronicles 27      2 Chronicles 28
2 Chronicles 29       2 Chronicles 30      2 Chronicles 31      2 Chronicles 32
2 Chronicles 33       2 Chronicles 34      2 Chronicles 35      2 Chronicles 36

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