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Names of God in the Old Testament

Psalms 148:13  Let them praise the name of the LORD, for His name alone
is exalted; His splendor is above the earth and the heavens.

Immanuel – God is with us

  • Isaiah 7:14  Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign:  The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.

El Hannora – The Awesome God

  • Nehemiah 9:32  “Now therefore, our God, the great God, mighty and awesome, who keeps his covenant of love, do not let all this hardship seem trifling in your eyes—the hardship that has come on us, on our kings and leaders, on our priests and prophets, on our ancestors and all your people, from the days of the kings of Assyria until today.

El Echad – The One God

  • Malachi 2:10  Do we not all have one Father? Did not one God create us? Why do we profane the covenant of our ancestors by being unfaithful to one another?

El Hanne’eman – The Faithful God

  • Deuteronomy 7:9  Know therefore that the LORD your God is God; he is the faithful God, keeping his covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love him and keep his commandments.

El Emet – The God of Truth

  • Psalm 31:5  Into your hands I commit my spirit;deliver me, LORD, my faithful God.

El Tsaddik – The Righteous God

  • Isaiah 45:21  Declare what is to be, present it— let them take counsel together.  Who foretold this long ago, who declared it from the distant past? Was it not I, the LORD? And there is no God apart from me, a righteous God and a Savior; there is none but me.

El Shaddai – The All-Sufficient God

El Roi – The God Who Sees Me

  • Genesis 16:13  She gave this name to the LORD who spoke to her: “You are the God who sees me,” for she said, “I have now seen the One who sees me.”

El Yeshurun – The God of Jeshurun or The God of the Righteous People

El Gibbor – The Mighty God

  • Isaiah 9:6  For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders.  And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

El De’ot – The God of Knowledge

  • 1 Samuel 2:3  “Do not keep talking so proudly or let your mouth speak such arrogance, for the LORD is a God who knows, and by him deeds are weighed.

El Haggadol – The Great God

  • Deuteronomy 10:17   For the LORD your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God, mighty and awesome, who shows no partiality and accepts no bribes.

El Hakkavod – The God of Glory

  • Psalm 29:3   The voice of the LORD is over the waters; the God of glory thunders, the LORD thunders over the mighty waters.

El Hakkadosh – The Holy God

  • Isaiah 5:16  But the LORD Almighty will be exalted by his justice, and the holy God will be proved holy by his righteous acts.

El Hashamayirn – The God of Heaven

  • Psalm 136:26   Give thanks to the God of heaven.  His love endures forever.

El Chaiyai – The God of My Life

  • Psalm 42:8   By day the LORD directs his love, at night his song is with me— a prayer to the God of my life.

El-Channun – The Gracious God

  • Jonah 4:2   He prayed to the LORD, “ Isn’t this what I said, LORD, when I was still at home? That is what I tried to forestall by fleeing to Tarshish. I knew that you are a gracious and compassionate God, slow to anger and abounding in love, a God who relents from sending calamity.

El Yisrael – The God of Israel

  • Psalms 68:35   You, God, are awesome in your sanctuary; the God of Israel gives power and strength to his people.

El Sali – God of My Strength, God my Rock

  • Psalms 42:9   I say to God my Rock, “Why have you forgotten me?  Why must I go about mourning, oppressed by the enemy?”

El Erekh Apayim avi ha-tanchumim – The God of Patience and Consolation

  • Romans 15:5   Now the God of patience and consolation grant you to be like-minded one toward another according to Christ Jesus

El Rachum – The God of Compassion, Compassionate God

  • Deuteronomy 4:31   For the LORD thy God is a merciful God; He will not forsake thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers which He swore unto them.

El malei Rachamim – God full of mercy, All merciful God

El Yeshuati – The God of my Salvation

  • Isaiah 12:2   Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation.

El Yeshuantenu – The God of our Salvation

  • Psalms 68:19   Blessed be the Lord, who daily loadeth us with benefits, even the God of our salvation. Selah.

El Shaddai – Lord God Almighty

  • Genesis 17:1   And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.

El Elyon – The Most High God

  • Genesis 14:18   And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.

Adonai – Lord God

  • Genesis 15:2   And Abram said, LORD God, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus?

Yahweh – Lord, Jehovah

  • Genesis 2:4   These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens

In the Old Testament Yahweh occurs 6,519 times.   This name is used more than any other name of God. Yahweh is the promised name of God.   This name of God which (by Jewish tradition) is too holy to voice, is actually spelled “YHWH” without vowels.   YHWH is referred to as the Tetragrammaton (which simply means “the four letters”).   YHWH comes from the Hebrew letters:   Yud, Hay, Vav, Hay.   While YHWH is first used in Genesis 2, God did not reveal Himself as YHWH until Exodus 3.    The modern spelling as “Yahweh” includes vowels to assist in pronunciation. Many pronounce YHWH as “Yahweh” or “Jehovah.”   We no longer know for certain the exact pronunciation.   During the third century A.D., the Jewish people stopped saying this name in fear of contravening the commandment “Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain” (Exodus 20:7). As a result of this, Adonai is occasionally a substitute for YHWH.

Jehovah Nissi – The Lord My Banner, The Lord My Miracle

  • Exodus 17:15   And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovahnissi:

Jehovah-Raah – The Lord My Shepherd

  • Psalms 23:1   The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.

Jehovah Rapha – The Lord That Heals

Jehovah is the Great Physician who heals the physical and emotional needs of His people.

  • Exodus 15:26   And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee.

Jehovah Shammah – The Lord Is There

  • Ezekiel 48:35   It was round about eighteen thousand measures: and the name of the city from that day shall be, The LORD is there.

Jehovah Tsidkenu – The Lord Our Righteousness

  • Jeremiah 23:6   In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

Jehovah Mekoddishkem – The Lord Who Sanctifies You, The Lord Who Makes Holy

  • Exodus 31:13   Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you.

El Olam – The Everlasting God, The God of Eternity, The God of the Universe, The God of Ancient Days

  • Genesis 21:33   And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.

Elohim – God the Creator

  • Genesis 1:1   In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

Qanna – Jealous God

  • Exodus 20:5   Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

Jehovah Jireh – The Lord Will Provide

  • Genesis 22:14   And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.

Jehovah Shalom – The Lord Is Peace

  • Judges 6:24   Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

Jehovah Sabaoth – The Lord of Hosts, The Lord of Powers

  • 1 Samuel 1:3   And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.

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This entry was posted on April 8, 2012 by in Deuteronomy, Exodus, Ezekiel, Genesis, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Jonah, Judges, Malachi, Names of God, Nehemiah, Old Testament, Psalms and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

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