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Micah

The Old Testament Book of Micah records the words of the prophet Micah.  Micah lived in the 8th century BC in Judah (25 miles SW of Jerusalem near the Philistine city of Gath).   Micah is the English translation of hkym or Mikayahu from the Hebrew and Micaias from the Greek.   It means “Who is like Yahweh?”

Micah is roughly divided into three equal divisions of judgement, restoration, and hope.

  • Chapters 1-2
  • Chapters 3-5
  • Chapters 6-7

Each division begins with the word “Hear” and offers a pattern of judgement and restoration, doom and hope.

Micah highlights unjust leaders while defending the rights of the poor against the rich and powerful and calls for justice.

Micah lived during the times of the kings of Judah–Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah.

Micah’s contemporaries were Isaiah, Amos, and Hosea.

The similarities between Micah 6:10-11 and Amos 8:5-6 supports a time which would have been before the fall of Samaria.

Micah wrote to both the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah/Jerusalem.

The purpose of Micah’s prophecies was to proclaim God as the sovereign Lord of the earth who controls the destinies of nations, including His covenant people Israel.

Chapter 1  >

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