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Old Testament

The Old Testament, sometimes referred to as the Old Covenant, contains 39 books (Protestant) and 46 books (Catholic). The Catholic Bible includes Judith, Tobit, Wisdom, Sirach, Baruch,  and the four books of Maccabees.

These books are divided into groups:

The Pentateuch: Penta meaning five – the first five books of the Old Testament which are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, book of Numbers and Deuteronomy. These books contain the story of Israel from the Creation to the death of Moses. The Pentateuch for the Protestants and the Catholics is the same as for the Jews. The Jews refer to the Pentateuch as The Law or the Torah.

The Historical Books:  Sometimes called The Prophets. The Prophets collection in the Hebrew Bible get its name because the books were attributed to prophets, not because they all contain prophesy.

The Books of Wisdom:  Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon/Song of Songs. With the exception of Psalms which contains hymns and songs of devotion and praise, the books of Wisdom are poetry. They are referred to as The Books of Widsom because their chief purpose is instruction.

The Major Prophets:

The Minor Prophets:  The Minor prophets were not less important, these books are just considerably shorter than the books of the Major Prophets.

 

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